Appendix B: Chemical Abbreviations

Chemical Abbreviations

Name Chemical Abbreviation
Amino NH2
Ammonium ion NH4+
Ammonia NH3
Bicarbonate HCO3
Calcium Ca2+
Carbaminohaemoglobin HbCO2
Carbon dioxide CO2
Carbonic acid H2CO3
Carboxyl COOH
Chloride Cl
Creatinine C4H7N3O
Dihydrogen phosphate ion H2PO4
Glucose C6H12O6
Haemoglobin Hb
Hydrogen H+
Hydrogen phosphate HPO42-
Hydroxyl OH
Iron Fe2+
Lactate C3H5O3
Magnesium Mg2+
Nitrate NO3
Nitric Oxide NO
Nitrite NO2
Oxygen O2
Oxyhaemoglobin Hb-O2
Phosphate PO43-
Potassium K+
Sodium Na+
Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3
Sodium Chloride NaCl
Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Na2H2PO4
Urea CH2N2O
Water H2O
Common chemical equations
HCO3 + H+ ↔ H2CO3 ↔ CO2 + H2O
CO2 + H2O ↔ H2CO3 ↔ HCO3 + H+
HCl + Na2H2PO4 → Na2H2PO4 + NaCl
NaOH + Na2H2PO4 → Na2H2PO4 + H2O
NaHCO3 + HCl → H2CO3 + NaCl
H2CO3 + NaOH → HCO3 + H2O
Hb + O2 ↔ Hb-O2
CO2 + Hb ↔ HbCO2



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